CATS Reflection, The History Of Journalism – 08/10/15

It is shocking to think how back journalism started. It was obvious how far back storytelling goes because of cave paintings and folk tales. However, I never thought that journalistic products went as far back as 59BC (Acta Durna news sheet in Ancient Rome). Printing press technology also surprised me with how old it is, as it was developed in 593AD in China. Printing press has definitely had a huge impact on journalism, as it allows stories to be spread out over larger areas, and it’s an essential. I think if we didn’t have printing press technology, journalists would have to spend a lot more time in producing their work so it can be shared with as many people as possible.

I find the evolution of newspapers very interesting. Dating as far back as over 500 years, the authorities published newspapers. I think this was a very smart move for the government (bourgeoisie), because it allowed them to gain control over the public through propaganda. However I think that propaganda shouldn’t be allowed, especially during wars, because the public (proletariats) deserve to know what is actually happening in the world. Luckily we now have the freedom to publish our own newspapers, which allows there to be lot of different types for different people. The type of newspaper I think has had the most impact on journalism is tabloid, and particularly News of the World. This is because of the phone hacking scandal in 2012-2014, which has caused there to be even more negativity towards journalists.

Digital journalism is now probably the largest journalistic product there is. This first started in British cinemas to inform the public about the war, in 1916. Again, these newsreels were forms of propaganda because they were run by the government. However, they were extremely popular in the 1920’s because people enjoyed the visualisation of news.

The BBC (British Broadcasting Company) has probably been the largest broadcasting company since it was created. However I don’t think it is the most popular anymore, with their aim to ‘inform, educate and entertain’, Nowadays I think it’s wrong that we should have to pay for a TV licence, which funds BBC, because not everyone watches or consumes anything to do with the BBC due to all the other options that are available.

Overall, by looking at the history of journalism it is clear that there are so many different media platforms used. These different media platforms are vital because they keep wide audiences interested in the news and they are always changing, which helps me understand why you shouldn’t just rely on one media platform to share news when you’re a journalist.