Marxism is the ideology that was theorised by Karl Marx. The ideology examines the political and economical values of society. The Critical Social Theory is another name for Marxism, because it doesn’t agree with the social classes that we have. The theory also opposes:

  • Capitalism
  • Democracy
  • Consumerism
  • Materialism

This is due to the idea that all of these contribute to hegemony and the Bourgeoisie (wealthy) rule over the Proletariat (working class).

Hegemony was theorised by Antonio Gramsci and it expresses the idea that society think it’s natural for there to be a ruling class.

orgreave 2.png

The above image is a great representation of Marxism and it is an image from the Battle of Orgreave. The denotation from this photograph is that there are a lot of men standing, most of them are wearing the same clothes and the man in the middle looks different because of his clothes.

From the clothing, you can tell that the men in this image are police officers due to their uniform. It’s indicated that the man in the middle is a minor (proletariat) due to the connotations from his casual ‘working class’ clothing and the fact that he has a cigarette in his hand.

In the photograph, you can see that the police (bourgeoisie) are standing together strong, with their arms linked. This supports Louis Althusser’s Ideological State Apparatus, by having a police presence as a warning to stop any violence that may occur. This image may also be presenting a Repressive State Apparatus, because the police may actually be stopping the miner from entering an area.

Although the police seem dominant, the miner is actually shown as more dominant to me. This is because he is making eye contact with the police, as if he doesn’t care. His body language also looks relaxed, like he isn’t going to do anything to the police and he isn’t scared of them.

To me, this photograph is one of the best photographs that represents Marxism because it shows the conflict between proletariats and the bourgeoisie.




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